India is a agriculture based and founded nations where-in the toil of the peasants belonging to different land denominations feeds the rest of the country. One can also safely surmise that Indian GDP and financial output is dominated by the agricultural sector where-in a deft blending of the Government support and pricing systems leads with the toil and ploughs of the farmers makes up for a major chunk of the Gross National Product. It’s befittingly the verve and the herd toil of the farmers which led to the Gandhian conception of Village Republics which was essentially premised upon the nom de plume of local and grass roots governance. Also, the larger paraphernalia of agro activities and related processes ably and calculatedly subsume the general, nationally applicable concerns of well being, livelihood and human security. The five subsets which the civil service aspirants need to inculcate in their oeuvre happens to be the following:
The Three Farm Bills:
In the midst of the debilitating pandemic, the three farm bills were vociferously protested against by the peasants at the three borders of the National capital territory which at times turned violent and digressive in nature and action. The first farm bill contends that, farmers were allowed to sell food and produced grains to certain section of private buyers instead of selling them to the Government approved and designated system. The second farm bill contended that farmers could seek a legal framework to while transacting with the private companies and the corporates. The finally contentious bill postulated that, Private buyers could accumulate farming produce of the order of cereals and pulses without any delimitation on how much they can place in the stock houses.
The Integrated farming system:
The integrated farming approach is a commonly adhered to farming approach led by Government’s concurrence, where-in, sustainable resource management can be achieved, along with the avowed objectives of food security, farmer’s security and sustainable treatment of endemic poverty. All in all, the IFS leads to enhanced productivity, improved productivity and adding on to the dictum of market and environmental sustainability.
National watershed project:
The national watershed Project is once again tuned on to the concerns of sustenance, regeneration and a cannily judicious use of all natural resources of the order of land, water, plants, animals and human load residing within the watershed region as designated and differentiated by the Government of the day. Regions in India such as North East and the Vidharbha which face water related challenges of a lack of abundance of water bodies are prone to water scarcity and drought thus effecting the agro facet of their respective regions.
The UN portal informs us that, “ e Sixth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has issued a “code red” to humanity declaring 1.5°C warming of the planet as inevitable. Although environmental health is being given importance globally, the pace of recovery is not as fast as the pace of degradation. In India’s context, the agriculture and allied sector is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gas after energy and manufacturing sectors.” The global warming and the heating up of the atmosphere are thus directly intertwined with the Climate concerns of a heating up Earth which inextricably links up the larger agro output and attendant farming practices with the larger sphere of sustainability.
The production of grains, cereals and staple crops at adequate tonnage is not the be all and end all of agricultural activities in the larger nation. The financial and fiscal sustenance of the farmer’s produce along with the consumer availability too form a core agro concern which relies finally on the marketing and the regulation of the crop prices in a regulated ecosystem till now. As an innovation, the creation of the practice of growing Magical Mushroom for the purposes and avowed objectives of business and livelihood by cultivating them on woodlogs and sawdust forms a constituent part and parcel of the amplification efforts to boost the marketed potential of crops of different categories.