Geography is one of the basic and most important subjects in UPSC CSE. It is a descriptive science dealing with the surface of the earth, its division into continents and countries, and the climate, plants, animals, natural resources, inhabitants, and industries of the various divisions. It also examines how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people. Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time.
In UPSC, geography is included in the General Studies paper in Prelims as well as GS Paper 1 (CS Mains) examination. Questions related to Geography are asked in all the three stages of the examination; and hence, it is essential to study it in detail. It is an analytical subject, meaning once the student/aspirant understands the reason or concept behind the phenomenon, it becomes extremely easy to crack it.