Training Course

Pragati Ki Pathshala

UPSC CSE Complete Syllabus
Civil Services Exam (IAS Exam), the most coveted exam of all, is conducted by UPSC every year to recruit candidates to various services & posts in the Government of India. It is a two stage exam consisting of:

  1. Civil Services Preliminary Examination (Multiple Choice Questions) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination.
  2. Civil Services Main Examination (Written & Interview) for the selection of candidates for various services & posts as mentioned in UPSC’s official notification.

UPSC IAS Preliminary Exam Pattern & Syllabus
The first stage of the exam i.e., the Civil Services Preliminary Exam is only a screening test and is conducted to shortlist candidates for the Main Examination. Marks secured in Preliminary Exam are not taken into account while preparing the final merit.
Preliminary Exam consists of two papers of Multiple Choice Questions carrying a maximum of 200 marks each.

Paper-I : General Studies Syllabus
It has 100 questions broadly covering the following topics carrying a maximum of 200 marks to be solved in 2 hours.

  1. Current events of National & International importance.
  2. History of India & Indian National Movement.
  3. Indian & World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India & the World.
  4. Indian Polity & Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  5. Economic & Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  6. General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity & climate change – that do not require subject specialization.
  7. General Science.

Note: While 2 marks are awarded for each correct answer, 0.67 mark is deducted for each incorrect answer

Paper-II : Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT) Syllabus
It comprises of 80 questions from the following topics carrying a maximum of 200 marks to be solved in 2 hours.

  1. Comprehension, Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
  2. Logical reasoning & analytical ability.
  3. Decision making & problem solving.
  4. General mental ability.
  5. Basic numeracy (numbers & their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)

Paper-II : Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT) is a qualifying paper with a minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33% i.e. a minimum of 66 marks out of 200 is to be secured.
It is mandatory for a candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination for the purpose of evaluation.

Note: Paper-I is evaluated by UPSC only in respect of those candidates who secure minimum qualifying marks in CSAT.

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Description

UPSC Civil Services Main Exam Pattern & Syllabus
Civil Services Main Examination consists of written examination and interview (personality test).
Civil Services Main Examination consists of following papers divided into 2 categories – qualifying & papers to be counted for merit.

Qualifying Papers   Marks
Papaer-A One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution 300
Paper-B English 300
Papers to be Counted for Merit    
Paper-I Essay 250
Paper-II General Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society) 250
Paper-III General Studies-II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250
Paper-IV Genera Studies-III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250
Paper-V General Studies-IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude) 250
Paper-VI Optional Subject – Paper 1 250
Paper-VII Optional Subject – Paper 2 250
Sub Total (Written Test)   1750
Personality Test   275
Grand Total   2025

Important Points:

  1. The papers on Indian languages and English (Paper A and paper B) will be of qualifying nature and the marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
  2. The papers on Indian languages and English (Paper A and paper B) will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard.
  3. The papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 25% marks in ‘Indian Language’ and 25% in ‘English’ as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.
  4. Marks obtained by the candidates for the Paper I-VII only will be counted for merit ranking.
  5. The question papers for the main examination will be of conventional (essay) type and each paper will be of 3 hour duration.
  6. Candidates will have the option to answer all the question papers, except the Qualifying Language Papers, Paper-A and Paper-B, in any one of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India or in English.
  7. The question papers (other than the literature of language papers) will be set in Hindi and English only.
  8. Compensatory time of twenty minutes per hour shall be permitted for the Blind candidates and the candidates with locomotor disability and cerebral palsy where dominant (writing) extremity is affected to the extent of slowing the performance of function (minimum of 40% impairment) in both the Civil Services (Preliminary) as well as in the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

Syllabus of UPSC Main Examination Papers

I. Qualifying Papers on Indian Languages and English
The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:
English Language:
(i) Comprehension of given passages.
(ii) Precis Writing.
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
(iv) Short Essays.

Indian Languages:
(i) Comprehension of given passages.
(ii) Precis Writing.
(iii) Usage and Vocabulary.
(iv) Short Essays.
(v) Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

II. Paper-I: Essay
Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.
They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.
Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

III. Paper-II: General Studies-I
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.
(i) Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
(ii) Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
(iii) The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
(iv) Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
(v) History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.
(vi) Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
(vii) Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
(viii) Effects of globalization on Indian society.
(ix) Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
(x) Salient features of world’s physical geography.
(xi) Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
(xii) Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

IV. Paper-III: General Studies-II
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.
(i) Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
(ii) Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
(iii) Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
(iv) Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
(v) Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
(vi) Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
(vii) Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
(viii) Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
(ix) Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
(x) Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
(xi) Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
(xii) Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
(xiii) Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
(xiv) Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
(xv) Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
(xvi) Role of civil services in a democracy.
(xvii) India and its neighborhood- relations.
(xviii) Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
(xix) Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
(xx) Important International institutions, agencies and fora - their structure, mandate.

V. Paper-IV: General Studies-III
Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
(i) Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.
(ii) Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
(iii) Government Budgeting.
(iv) Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
(v) Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System-objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
(vi) Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
(vii) Land reforms in India.
(viii) Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
(ix) Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
(x) Investment models.
(xi) Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
(xii) Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
(xiii) Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
(xiv) Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
(xv) Disaster and disaster management.
(xvi) Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
(xvii) Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
(xviii) Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
(xix) Security challenges and their management in border areas - linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
(xx) Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

VI. Paper-V: General Studies-IV
Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude
This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society.
Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects.
The following broad areas will be covered:
(i) Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
(ii) Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
(iii) Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
(iv) Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
(v) Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
(vi) Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
(vii) Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
(viii) Case Studies on above issues.

VII. Paper – VI & VII
Optional Subject Papers I & II.
A candidate may opt for any one Optional Subject from the following 48 Optional subjects:
(i) Agriculture
(ii) Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
(iii) Anthropology
(iv) Botany
(v) Chemistry
(vi) Civil Engineering
(vii) Commerce and Accountancy
(viii) Economics
(ix) Electrical Engineering
(x) Geography
(xi) Geology
(xii) History
(xiii) Law
(xiv) Management
(xv) Mathematics
(xvi) Mechanical Engineering
(xvii) Medical Science
(xviii) Philosophy
(xix) Physics
(xx) Political Science and International Relations
(xxi) Psychology
(xxii) Public Administration
(xxiii) Sociology
(xxiv) Statistics
(xxv) Zoology
(xxvi) Literature of any one of the following languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and English.
Each Optional Subject has 2 compulsory papers.

Civil Services (Main) Examination carries a total of 1750 marks as follows:

  1. Essay: 250 marks
  2. General Studies :1000 marks (4 papers of 250 marks each)
  3. Optional Subject :500 marks (2 papers of 250 marks each)

Personality Test (Interview) carries 275 marks. Thus, candidates are evaluated out of total 2025 marks.

Syllabus

UPSC General Studies Books
Recommended Books for UPSC General Studies
The Foundation and the First Line of reading while preparing for the Preliminary Test and Main Examination is the 18 Volumes of ‘Yellow Books’ on General Studies and the Monthly Current Affairs Digest published by Vajiram & Ravi. Apart from these Volumes, the aspirants should study the following books:
History

Basic Books:

  1. NIOS course books for classes XI and XII on - Ancient India, Medieval India, Modern India, National Movement & Contemporary World and Culture of India. (All these are available in PDF format on internet) 

Advance Level Books:

  1. India’s Ancient Past by R.S. Sharma published by Oxford University Press ( Amazon Link )
  2. A History of Ancient & Early Medieval India by Upinder Singh ( Amazon Link )
  3. History of Medieval India (800–1700 AD) by Satish Chandra published by Orient Longman ( Amazon Link ) ( Buy Full Set of 3 Books  )
  4. History of Modern India by Bipin Chandra (2009 Edition) ( Amazon Link ) ( Buy Full Set of 3 Books  )
  5. India's Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra & Others ( Amazon Link )
  6. India After Independence (1947 - 2000) by Bipin Chandra & Others ( Amazon Link )
  7. From Plassey To Partition And After by Sekhar Bandopadhyaya ( Amazon Link ) 

World History:

  1. The Story of Civilization, Part 2 by Arjun Dev, NCERT
  2. Contemporary World History for class XII (Old NCERT Book) ( Amazon Link )
  3. Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe ( Amazon Link ) 

Geography

  1. Certificate Physical & Human Geography (Oxford) by Goh Cheng Leong ( Amazon Link )
  2. NCERTs (New Editions)
    XI Standard: (1) India - Physical Environment (2) Fundamentals of Physical Geography ( Amazon Link ) ( Set of 4 Books )
    XII Standard: (1) India - People & Economy (2) Fundamentals of Human Geography ( Amazon Link ) ( Set of 4 Books )
  3. School Atlas - Orient Black Swan ( Amazon Link )
  4. Indian Geography by D. R. Khullar ( Amazon Link )

Social Issues

  1. XI Standard NCERT on Indian Society (Chapters on Unity & Diversity and Population Issues) ( Amazon Link )
  2. XII Standard NCERT (Chapters on Communalism, Secularism and Urban Issues such as Poverty, Housing, etc.) ( Amazon Link )
  3. The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper 

Indian Polity

  1. Constitution of India at Work (Class XI) NCERT Publication ( Amazon Link )
  2. Indian Polity by Laxmikant ( Amazon Link )
  3. The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper
  4. Yojana Magazine 

Governance Issues

  1. From Government to Governance by Kuldeep Mathur ( Amazon Link )
  2. Ethics in Governance, ARC Report ( Amazon Link )
  3. Citizen Centric Administration (Chapters 2, 5, 6, 7 & 8 only and box items in the report) 

Developmental Issues

  1. Human Development Report & World Development Report ( Amazon Link )
  2. Panchayati Raj in India by Kuldeep Mathur ( Amazon Link )
  3. The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper
  4. Kurukshetra & Yojana Magazines 

International Relations

  1. India’s Foreign Policy Since Independence by V.P. Dutt ( Amazon Link 1 ) ( Amazon Link 2)
  2. The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper 

Indian Economy

  1. Indian Economic Development XI Standard NCERT ( Amazon Link )
  2. Indian Economy by Sanjiv Verma ( Amazon Link )
  3. Introductory Macro Economics XII Standard NCERT (Ignore all diagrams & mathematical formulas) ( Amazon Link )
  4. The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper
  5. Economics Dictionary published by Collins & Penguin ( Amazon Link )
  6. Economic Survey 2017 - 18 & 2018 - 19 (to be out in Feb 2019, only recommended chapters) 

Ecology & Environment

  1. Certificate Physical & Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong (Second Half of the Book) ( Amazon Link )
  2. XII Standard NCERT Book on Biology (Chapters pertaining to Ecology) ( Amazon Link )
  3. India Year Book (Chapters on Environment)
  4. Chapter on Climate Change from Economic Survey
  5. The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper 

Security Issues

  1. India’s Security in a Turbulent World by Jasjit Singh, published by National Book Trust of India ( Amazon Link )
  2. ​​​​​​​The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper 

Science & Technology

  1. VIII, IX, X Standard NCERT books on Biology
  2. The Hindu or Indian Express Newspaper
  3. Monthly Magazine ‘Science Reporter for Science & Technology’​​​​​​​ 

Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude

  1. Ethics in Governance, ARC Report ( Amazon Link )
  2. Lexicon by Chronicle Publications ( Amazon Link )
  3. The Book on Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude published by Access Publication ( Amazon Link )

Source

Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2021

  1. PDF icon General Studies Paper - I
  2. PDF icon General Studies Paper - II

Source: UPSC 

  1. Polity
  2. History and Culture
  3. Society
  4. Geography
  5. Social Justice
  6. Governance
  7. International Affairs
  8. Economic Growth and Development
  9. Agriculture
  10. Technology
  11. Disaster Management
  12. Security

Main Exam- Resource Material

  1. IIPA Theme Papers
  2. Indian Journal of Public Administration
  3. Lok Prashasan (Hindi Journal about Public Administration)
  4. Nagarlok (Journal about Urban Affairs)
  5. IIPA Digest (A Magazine about Current Affairs)
  6. Press Information Bureau
  7. Mann Ki Baat
  8. Yojna Magazine-A Government Publications

 

  1. Yojana Magazine Summary for November 2021 Issue
  2. Yojana Magazine Summary for October 2021 Issue
  3. Yojana Magazine Summary for September 2021 Issue
  4. Yojana Magazine Summary for August 2021 Issue
  5. Yojana Magazine Summary for July 2021 Issue
  6. Yojana Magazine Summary for June 2021 Issue
  7. Yojana Magazine Summary for May 2021 Issue
  8. Yojana Magazine Summary for April 2021 Issue
  9. Yojana Magazine Summary for March 2021 Issue
  10. Yojana Magazine Summary for February 2021 Issue
  11. Yojana Magazine Summary for January 2021 Issue
  12. Yojana Magazine Summary for December 2020 Issue
  13. Yojana Magazine Summary for November 2020 Issue
  14. Yojana Magazine Summary for October 2020 Issue
  15. Yojana Magazine Summary for September 2020 Issue
  16. Yojana Magazine Summary for August 2020 Issue
  17. Yojana Magazine Summary for July 2020 Issue
  18. Yojana Magazine Summary for June 2020 Issue
  19. Yojana Magazine Summary for May 2020 Issue
  20. Yojana Magazine Summary for April 2020 Issue
  21. Yojana Magazine Summary for March 2020 Issue
  22. Yojana Magazine Summary for February 2020 Issue
  23. Yojana Magazine Summary for January 2020 Issue
  24. Yojana Magazine Summary for January 2019 Issue
  25. Yojana Magazine Summary for November 2019 Issue
  26. Yojana Magazine Summary for October 2019 Issue
  27. Yojana Magazine Summary for September 2019 Issue
  28. Yojana Magazine Summary for August 2019 Issue
  29. Yojana Magazine Summary for July 2019 Issue
  30. Yojana Magazine Summary for June 2019 Issue
  31. Yojana Magazine Summary for May 2019 Issue
  32. Yojana Magazine Summary for April 2019 Issue
  33. Yojana Magazine Summary for March 2019 Issue
  34. Yojana Magazine Summary for February 2019 Issue
  35. Yojana Magazine Summary for January 2019 Issue
  36. Yojana Magazine Summary for December 2018 Issue
  37. Yojana Magazine Summary for November 2018 Issue
  38. Yojana Magazine Summary for October 2018 Issue
  39. Yojana Magazine Summary for September 2018 Issue
  40. Yojana Magazine Summary for August 2018 Issue
  41. Yojana Magazine Summary for July 2018 Issue
  42. Yojana Magazine Summary for June 2018 Issue
  43. Yojana Magazine Summary for May 2018 Issue
  44. Yojana Magazine Summary for April 2018 Issue
  45. Yojana Magazine Summary for March 2018 Issue
  46. Yojana Magazine Summary for February 2018 Issue
  47. Yojana Magazine Summary for January 2018 Issue
  48. Yojana Magazine Summary for December 2017 Issue
  49. Yojana Magazine Summary for November 2017 Issue
  50. Yojana Magazine Summary for October 2017 Issue
  51. Yojana Magazine Summary for September 2017 Issue

Source 

Personality Test

IIPA IdeaCast         

An IAS officer of the 2006 batch from the Haryana cadre, A Mona Sreenivas is working as a director with the Election Commission of India for the last few years. In a freewheeling interview, she discusses, among other things, her fond memories of studying at Apeejay School, Faridabad and tips to prepare for the Mains and Prelims stages of the exam.

You bagged the top rank in the 2005 exam. What strategy did you adopt for the Mains and Prelims?

Start reading newspapers and magazines along with your NCERT textbooks and brush up your basic History, Civics and Geography: subjects that are part of the Civil Services Examination. The more focused preparation should begin at least a year before you actually write the exam. Begin with trying to understand the concepts. So it is better to go to Mains first and then go to Prelims and then get back to Mains again.
Your optional subjects were English Literature and Sociology. How important is a choice of subjects and time management to ace the exam?

Time management is important because the material is massive and you can’t spend years and years preparing. Regarding the choice of subjects, strike a balance between what is scoring and what one knows best. For the second subject, pick a subject that you like to read.

What are your memories of studying at Apeejay School, Faridabad?

I have such nice memories of being in class 5 and being the head girl of a school. Then I went to the senior school and studied in the senior school building in Sector 15. So, I have lovely memories of the huge playground and singing the theme song: Soaring High Is My Nature.

What are the challenges and opportunities of being a civil servant?

I think that whatever job profile you have in the Civil Services, it impacts people’s lives in a very good way. In the government sector whatever one does is a big responsibility. Government services give you a lot of scope to innovate and make things better.

Source 

Other Relevent Resources

  1. Mock Interview of Sakshi Garg (UPSC-2017, 350Rank)
  2. Civil Services Interview Preparation by K.Siddhartha
  3. How to Prepare for IAS Interview by Prof. D.P. Agarwal, UPSC Former Chairman
  4. How to Introduce Yourself in English

 

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