Training Course

Urban Development

Thematic focus

There is a global consensus on need for urbanization and economic development. It is also noted that cities provide economies of scale and urbanization is inevitable. Therefore, global focus and national policies have given emphasis on development of urban areas to promote competitive edge and associated actions to accommodate larger flow `of surplus labour from hinterland. It is noted that right from 17th Century, the development of business, industry and trade have guided the process of urbanization. Accordingly, the dispersal of economic activities began from Europe, US, NICS (Newly Industrialized countries), ASEAN, China, South Asia and other south have shown associated growth of urban areas. The urban development in India has followed the global pattern. India is going a transition from semi urban to urban majority society. It is estimated that by 2027 the rural growth in India will start declining in absolute terms.

Nearly 86% of Indian GDP is generated in the non-farm sector which is mainly located within and around cities.  The last census (2011) confirms that the states with above average level of urbanization (+31.16%) also have above average level of per capita state income. Yet, urban development in India suffers from Imbalanced growth and diseconomies of scale. Vast part of central, eastern, northern India is below the national level of Urbanisation accommodation two third of aspirational districts in these areas. reflected in the mis-match of basic amenities such as land, shelter, water, sanitation, environmental protection, livelihood opportunities, urban mobility and basic health facilities.

Accordingly, Urban development is on a priority agenda of Government of India and states. Successive governments have launched schemes, programmes and missions. The current years budget for the first time allocate funds for health services Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) Government of India has been allocated Rs 54581 Crores covering Rs 27500 Crores for Pradhan Mantri Avas Yojana (PMAY) followed by Rs. 13750 Crores for Smart Cities Mission/AMRUT and other urban missions. In addition, the Ministry of Jal Shakti got Rs 256000 Crores for water and sanitation among statutory towns, SBM (Swachh Bharat Mission) got 28200 Crores and Urban Bus Transport got Rs 18000 Crores. The all-time high allocations (1.16% of divisible pool and 79% more than XIV FC) include Rs 121055 Crores (as against 87144 Crores by XIV FC) for ULBs (Urban Local Bodies) for 2021-2026 along with additional allocation for urban sector on account of health emergencies (Rs.26123 Crores), incubation of towns (Rs 8000 Crores) and shared service Centres (450 crores). The ULB allocations are twofold: Metro challenge Fund (MCF) of Rs.38196 Crores for 44 Urban agglomerations (UAs) with 67 one lakh+ towns and 1048 < 1 lakh population towns and Rs.82859 Crores for other towns   with < 1 lakh population including 1048 towns already covered under MCF giving special focus on city region to stimulate economy.




The growing focus on urban development poses a challenge on government functionaries to implement the policy initiatives with associated skills and exposure needed in this regard. Accordingly, IIPA under this one-week programme on Urban Development proposes to cover:

  1. Identify role of urban development in India with a particular reference to balanced, inclusive, productive and environment friendly development of urban areas.
  2. Analyse typology, incidence and adequacy of major municipal services and amenities in India in relation to administrative, planning and fiscal capacities and associated corrections.
  3. Examine efficiency and gap in the current initiatives on Urban Development in India
  4. Identify a generic intergovernmental agenda on urban development.

Two sets of Suitable Dates - November 2021 and February 2022

CVs of Faculty members who will impart Training

CV of Course coordinator

How will the training be relevant to Government servants and help them to discharge their duties more effectively

Officers from All India and central services are involved in urban development at intergovernmental level in the implementation of policies and programmes. These include Ministry of urban development and related ministries and agencies (ministry of Environment, Pollution Control Board, Disaster management in Ministry of Home) in Government of India and department of urban development, municipal administration, housing, public works, environment and health and state line agencies at state level. In addition, they are also deployed at municipal and para-municipal (development authorities etc.) agencies in different capacities of decision making and implementation.

The course would provide insights into process, outcome and modalities of intergovernmental actions on urban development in India. The course will include competency gap and measures emerging for suitable application at grass root level.

Specific Skills proposed to be instilled in the participants with regard to governance, administrative and technical skills

The course will cover management of urban areas with current trends and innovations on planning, service delivery, grievance redressal, poverty alleviation, housing and participation. The course will bring together experience from different parts of the country and elsewhere. Specific skills used by different Urban Local Bodies in the delivery of services such as e-governance, innovative budgeting, grass root planning and inter-agency coordination shall be used to strengthen to provide due exposure to government officers.

Draft Programme Design-Content, Pedagogy and draft time table starting on Monday and closing on Friday


The five-day programme will cover ten modules such as:

  1. Urban Management and Administration in India: An Overview
  2. Urbanisation Trends and Implications for Urban Development
  3. Competency Gap among Urban Managers
  4. Best Practices in Urban Development
  5. Urban Sector Missions: Structure and Impact
  6. Urban Planning Concepts and Zoning Regulations
  7. Urban Planning: Case Study of Delhi
  8. Municipal Finance: Imbalance, Innovations and Roadmap
  9. Urban Housing and Slum Improvement
  10. Climate Smart Delivery of Urban Services: Policies and Impact


Day 1

Session 1

Registration & Introduction: course objectives & Expectations

Session 2

Urbanization and Economic Development

Session 3

Emerging Focus on Urban Development 

Session 4

Stakeholder mapping and potential and assignment of group work (main exercise)

Day 2

Session 1 & 2

Urban Institutional Framework and Coordination

Session 3

Key Urban Functionaries and Competency Gap - Intergovernmental Scenario

Session 4

Urban Development: GoI Missions

Day 3

Session 1

Urban Planning –Global and National Perspective

Session 2

Urban Planning: Case Study of Delhi

Session 3 & 4

Field visit to water or sanitation projects in Delhi. (Sonia Vihar / Rithala- WTP)

Day 4

Session 1

Municipal Finance: An Overview

Session 2

Climate Smart Delivery of Municipal Services 

Session 3 & 4

Visit to NDMC for Solid waste and Smart City/Smart Urban Projects

Day 5

Session 1

Urban Housing and Slum Improvement

Session 2

Urban Livelihood-Schemes and Effectiveness

Session 3

Presentation of Group-work

Session 4


Resource Material 


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