What ails the academic narrative and the public sphere literature in the context of civil service preparations, everything in the sphere of polity and Governance is colored with the lens of “securitization” which is not a new term at all going by all standards. The hard power approach bordering on to a deterrence oriented military approach used to be the order of the day. But with the emergence of geo economics and the praxis of the supply and value chains, the economics of security has emerged as a core and a concern of the global forefront. Organizations such as SCO, Quad and BRICS now reflect the other way around phenomenon which entails that even the geo economic international and multilateral groupings have witnessed the securitization of their agendas.
Security: The term security is of great interest and an iota of added significance is added to it as per the all pervading influence of a military and realistic approach of International Relations. The idea of security is now deemed to be much more wider, as, compared to the one partaking of a tanks and missiles approach. It includes Human and comprehensive security too.
The non-military and non-defense related approach of comprehending and learning Security studies falls under the ambit of human and comprehensive security. Though in the modern day perception, the term is associated with the Swiss and Canadian Governmental approaches in the now begone eighties, the Vedic ages long back extolled the tenet of Vasudev Kutumbkam where-in, the tenet of welfare and beneficence to all was the all pervasive tenet of Vedic and Sanatan India/ Bharat. The concept of the MDG’s ( Millennium Development Goals) and SDG’s ( Sustainable Development Goals) as postulated by the portals of United Nations too falls the same generic section of sustainability and human development.
Poverty is a menace which needs to be tackled Government wise and Regimentally with an astute welfarist scheme of welfare schemes initiated by the Regime of the day. In order to uplift the citizens who are penury stricken and subsist under the poverty line and mass impoverishment, have to be lifted up through the Delhi denomination in cohort with the Government of the various and myriad states. India was traditionally referred to as the Golden bird as the myriad empires and Hindu kingdoms traded with the West Asian and the South East Asian nations and earned pelf and royal glory for themselves.
But, it was the repeated invasions by the Sultanates, Moguls and the final treachery and deceit of the British colonial rule in the Indian hinterland that, the national treasures were looted and Bhatarvarsha fell from the state of being rich and prosperous to being impoverished, looted and economically stricken. One can refer to the Book written by Dada Bhai Naoriji, “Poverty and Un British Rule in India,” which very expansively ruminates upon the fundamentals of how the British rule led to the fall from riches for the Indian people and the various states and Rajwadas.
This demarcation and the segmentation is followed and adhered to also in the larger context of Aid diplomacy. The sphere of Aid diplomacy went ahead and made the aid receiving nations dependent upon their western developed nations which initiated a centre-periphery syntax of a relationship between these nations with divergently different resources. Related to the narrative of poverty eradication is another entity and concept termed as Development. As a nation becomes independent and attempts to arise and wake up after a long slumber of Imperialism and Colonialism, its infrastructure, educational system and Health apparatus, along with the larger idiom of roads, railways, access to hygiene and safe water, etc happen to become the benchmarks of development and growth in a nation once the Colonially oppressive and exploitative buttressing and albatross is removed and unhinged from the shoulder girdles of that newly free and independent nation state.
Nations of the order of United States have always utilized the instrument of Food aid and other genres of dole outs with an intent to keep the receptacle nations dependent on the central provider nation state. Also, the stratagem of Aid diplomacy, initiated through the Truman Doctrine and Marshall plan initiated by the United States in the aftermath of the world war II came to stay in the geo economics of Europe and later on the larger world reflected by the receptacle nation states in the poverty ridden states of Asia and Africa.
The Marshall Plan initiated by the United States of America in a post World War II scenario can be surmised as below. A renowned American history portal reminds us and enumerates that, “ In the immediate post-World War II period, Europe remained ravaged by war and thus susceptible to exploitation by an internal and external Communist threat. In a June 5, 1947, speech to the graduating class at Harvard University, Secretary of State George C. Marshall issued a call for a comprehensive program to rebuild Europe. Fanned by the fear of Communist expansion and the rapid deterioration of European economies in the winter of 1946–1947, Congress passed the Economic Cooperation Act in March 1948 and approved funding that would eventually rise to over $12 billion for the rebuilding of Western Europe.
National Issue: 30 June, 2022
The Bharatiya Jananta Party is all set to regain power with former Chief Minister, Fadnavis being the order of the day as far as the saffron celebrations are concerned. The Shiv Sena is passing through its worse crisis as in the internal turmoil and infighting between the various folds and interests in the region’s political party have led to the near toppling of the erstwhile Sena rule in Maharashtra as a sudden saffron sweep over the legislative and political firmament in Maharashtra. The manner in which the rebel members of the legislative Assembly were taken away to a resort in Guwahati has contributed as a major consequence which might lead to the toppling of the Shiv sena Government in Maharashtra and the re emergence of the saffron brigade in Maharashtra.
The popular web portal First Post reports that, “Maharashtra Tourism Minister Aad itya Thackeray on Monday claimed 15 to 20 Shiv Sena MLAs who have joined the rebel camp are in touch with him and have urged the party to bring them back to Mumbai from Guwahati, where they are lodged in a hotel along with Cabinet minister Eknath Shinde whose rebellion has pushed the MVA government into a major crisis. Addressing Shiv Sena workers in Karjat, on outskirts of Mumbai, Thackeray, who has been doing firefighting to save the Maha Vikas Aghadi (MVA) government, said every party worker is seeing the current situation as an opportunity and not as a problem. "The dirt has gone away. Now we can do something good," Thackeray said, referring to the rebel MLAs. The Shiv Sena leader, the son of Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray, said before the 21 June revolt there were murmurs that some developments will take place in the party, which heads the MVA that also comprises of the NCP and the Congress.”
A majority of the Sena MLAs, including nine ministers, have rebelled against the party, threatening the existence of the two-and-a-half-year old government. Read more...
International Issue: 30 June, 2022
Taliban has emerged and has always been a tangible threat to South Asian and global peace and stability specializing as a terror agent and terror instrumentality in the larger context of global terrorism. India has been faced with the scourge of cross border and Pakistan sponsored terrorism since the late eighties in the last century but the manner in which the Americans withdrew from Afghanistan leaving an unfinished task and global peace agenda, has led the South Asian firmament to be hijacked by the terror mongers with the Islamic Republic of Pakistan acting as a staple fare of aiding and abetting terrorism in India and the larger South Asia.
The United States and the Taliban plan talks Thursday in Qatar on unlocking some of Afghanistan's reserves following a devastating earthquake, officials said, with Washington seeking ways to ensure the money goes to help the population.
The news portal NDTV informs us about the impending negotiations between the White House along with Kabul denomination ruled by the Taliban. The news portal informs us that, “The White House said it is working "urgently" on the effort, but a member of the Afghan central bank's board said it could take time to finalise. The Taliban's foreign minister, Amir Khan Muttaqi, arrived in the Qatari capital Doha along with finance ministry and central bank officials for talks, Taliban foreign ministry spokesman Hafiz Zia Ahmed said.”
The NDTV news portal further informs us that, “The State Department said its envoy on Afghanistan, Tom West, would take part and said the United States was focused on a range of interests including human rights and opening schools for girls. "None of these engagements should be seen as 'legitimising' the Taliban or its so-called government but are a mere reflection of the reality that we need to have such discussions in order to advance US interests," said a spokesperson for the US State Department, which does not recognize Taliban rule over Afghanistan.The Taliban took over in August 2021 after the United States gave up a 20-year military effort. Washington at the time froze $7 billion in reserves and the international community halted billions in direct aid that Afghanistan and its population of roughly 40 million people had relied on.” The currency has collapsed and the country descended into a serious economic crisis, although some assistance has been restored.
Afghanistan was besieged by an earthquake not long time back. a Last week's 5.9-magnitude earthquake in eastern Afghanistan, which killed more than 1,000 people and left tens of thousands homeless, adds urgency to the funding debate. "Negotiations are underway and it is our expectation that a final proposal under discussion will be finalised," said Shah Mehrabi, member of the Supreme Council of the Central Bank of Afghanistan. However, details on "the mechanism to transfer the reserves to the Central Bank has not been finalised," he told AFP. "It is going to take a while. These things do not happen overnight." The Americans are helping out with New Delhi for quake relief in Kabul and India too played a prominent role as a key negotiator in the Doha rounds of talks while the Karzai Regime collapsed despite the American and the larger western support. India has been an avid supporter of Kabul in the development and sustainability sphere of welfare activities in Kabul where –in Indian contractors along with the their American counterparts have been a fervent help to the rising humanitarian crisis in the besieged nation. Read more...