Training Course

Indian Polity & Governance

Polity in any nation is about negotiations and bargaining where-in the themes keep on recurring in a cyclic manner. Being bothered about the Indian milieu, an understanding and comprehension of the larger Indian polity is a must. Themes of the order of  Constitutional preeminence along with an awareness about the tenets of fundamental rights and duties are a prime concern for any UPSC aspirant attempting the mother of all examinations as a career option. Issues of the order of electoral politics, electioneering rules on party defections, NATGRID and NCRB, e Samiksha platform, Andhra Pradesh Panchayat Raj ordinance and others can form an interesting and significant points of study and rumination for our bright and young UPSC aspirants.   In the larger context of the domestic polity, its equally important to position the Indian Polity in the larger firmament of International affairs along with drawing its roots from the Indian society.  India with the rise of the caste factor and the notion of nationalist domination in the public narrative adds a new hues to the framework of Indian polity which need to be studied assiduously by the civil service aspirants.

Though society is a larger frame of reference, still the embedded matrix of Polity assumes great significance for the larger understanding of national purposes and objectives. The Civil service aspirants have to tread the treacherous pathway of hobnobbing with the existing academic literature along with the theme of being practically inclined keeping in view the demands of the subject concerned in the civil services examinations. The idea of the “Polis’ as to keep the political studies at a micro level gets initiated with the Greek Polis as the earliest imagination about the Rashtra or the nation where-in we are more concerned about the larger concern of the Indian nation.

Democracy too forms a part and parcel of the larger study where-in the existence of the democratic republics in India such as the Licchavi Republics form the foundation stone of the larger construct of the nation and the State. It all happened much before the Westphalian concept of state which goes back to a Eurocentric conception in the year 1648. The theme of Democracy, egalitarianism along with the larger concept of inclusivity for the fundamental concern of any understanding and deliberation upon the notion of Democracy and its practice in Bharat, that is, India.

Resources/eBook                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Back

a) Indian Polity-Constitution, Political System etc.
b) Governance-Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.



The nation swears by its anointed Constitution.  The Preamble to the constitution of the Indian nation adheres to the idiom of rule of law, norms, and the hallowed tenets of fundamental rights and duties. The rule Book has enough original connotations along with deft borrowings from the constitutions of a slew of Liberal Democracies such as the UK, Irish and the American constitution.


  1. Preamble
  2. Fundamental Rights
  3. Directive Princples


  1. 15th Finance Commission Report
  2. Amendments in CrPC
  3. Assam-Meghalaya Accord


  1. CSE 2021
  2. CSE 2020
  3. CSE 2019


Panchayati Raj

The nom de plume of local governance is the ideal foundation and substratum which the entire rural India is comfortably ensconced into. The Gandhian feel good thematic percept of strengthening the welfare and the governance where it’s the weakest needs to be delved inside. The hallowed genre of the historic 73rd and 74th amendments have revolutionsed the norm of efficient, accountable and transparent local governance in the heart and soul of the larger nation and its attendant population. The gelling in and the amalgamation of the various schemes leads to an efficient crystallization of the output part of the loop heading by the David Easton’s model of the Political system running true to the modicum of gagar mein sagar.

Internal Security

Internal security in India is a security concern in the nation both in the perspectives of a hard and a soft power approach. The concern of internal security involves what all rankles in the sphere of good governance and the security the nation’s population and its pristine Institutions. The schematic indoctrination of the youth of the nation in educational institutions and other places in order to wean them away from nationalistic and patriotic thought has emerged as core concern of the Government of the day. Radicalization this is directly attached to fanning the fires of separatism and insurgency amongst the youth which directly cripples the productivity of the nation and its instruments of good governance.

The fissiparous tendencies at work in the nation in the form of fake currency, weapons laundering, drug trafficking along with the menace of Maoism and cross border terrorism, threaten the sacrosanct integrity, unity and diversity of the Indian state. The training programme would be a drive to strengthen the state narrative of peace and inclusive development along with creating an awareness among the officer with an objective to synergize the interaction and coordination between the Civil officers and the Defense officials amongst the different departments of the Governmental ecosystem.

Political Parties

India adheres to a multi party system for its electioneering and political purposes. Some nations either follow an autocratic rule book akin to the People’s Republic of China or a multi party domain practice such as New Delhi, that is, India. Our Constitution also lays down certain criterion for the inculcation of a majorly multi party system, where-in, the election populism along with the larger idiom of political practice has germinated a practically speaking, two party system with the BJP and the Congress forming the mantle of the Indian system. The eminent political scientist, Paul Brass contends that the advent of federated living and the caste revolutions, in the nation brought a new cusp in the format of caste based petty politics which vitiated the turf of Indian Polity.


The understanding that who identifies and falls within the categorization of Indian Polity ushers in the theme of nationality in the State. We have well defined norms which eke out the conditions of availing and qualifying as the benefits and the pride of being an Indian citizen.



  2. Inner Line Permit System
  3. First Bell
  4. National Institute of Public Finance and Policy
  5. Anti Defection Law and Power of Speaker
  6. OBC Sub-Categorisation Commission
  7. Postal Ballot System
  8. Compulsory Licensing
  9. Andhra Pradesh Panchayat Raj (Second
  10. Amendment) Ordinance, 2020
  11. Digital Accountability and Transparency Act
  12. Election Commission’s Power to Delay
  13. Polls
  14. NATGRID and NCRB
  15. Second Voluntary Review of SDG
  16. e-SamikSha Platform
  17. National Human Rights Commission
  18. Press Council of India
  19. National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)
  20. Ayushman Bharat Yojana
  21. Atal Pension Yojana
  22. Common Service Centres Scheme
  23. Star Rating of Garbage Free Cities
  24. Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana
  25. Grants-in-aid for Rural Local Bodies
  26. Consumer Protection Act, 2019
  27. National Financial Reporting Authority
  28. Plea Bargaining
  29. Contempt of Court
  30. Merger under 10th Schedule
  31. AuditOnline Application
  32. Committee on Content Regulation in Government Advertising (CCRGA)
  33.  Governor’s Power to Summon the House
  34. AIM-iCREST
  35. E-Commerce Sites Must State Country of Origin
  36. Habeas Corpus 
  37. Negative Import List for Defence 
  38. Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  39. Clause 6 of the Assam Accord
  40. Demand for 6th Schedule Status for Arunachal Pradesh
  41. Whip
  42. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
  43. Global Rights Index 
  44. Affordable Rental Housing Complexes 
  45. Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana 
  46. BharatNet Project 
  47. Pradhan Mantri Aawas Yojana- Gramin 
  48. Rashtriya Swachhata Kendra (RSK) 
  49. New Rules for Postal Ballot
  50. Bodoland Poll 
  51. Star Campaigner 
  52. River Management Board 
  53. Right to Information Act, 2005 
  54. SVAMITA Scheme 
  55. Goa declared First Har Ghar Jal State 
  56. Tech for Tribals 
  57. Saral Jeevan Bima 
  58. District Development Councils 
  59. Maharashtra Withdraws ‘General Consent” to CBI 
  60. Integrity Pact in Government Organisations 
  61. National Anti-Doping Agency 
  62. Need to Amend the Official Languages Act


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