IIPA Gyan


IIPA Digest

Published since 2019, the magazine covers national and international news, stories and features related to latest initiatives and trends of government. It also features articles on governance, bureaucracy, diplomacy and trade, economy, politics, climate change, SDGs, policy advocacy, etc. 

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30 Sept, 2021

 

Urban Governance

Nagarlok (1969) is quarterly open access journal. It consists of relevant research articles, book reviews, commentaries, documents and notes that broadly covers topics related to Urban Studies with a focus on Urban Life, Metropolitan System, Urban Economic Development, Urban Finances, etc. Nagarlok is a double blind peer-reviewed journal listed under UGC-CARE Group I. 

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26 Aug, 2021

 

Lok Prashasan

लोक प्रकाशन 2008 से प्रकाशित इंडियन जर्नल ऑफ पब्लिक एडमिनिस्ट्रेशन का एक हिंदी द्वि-वार्षिक पत्रिका है। यह लोक प्रशासन, सामाजिक विज्ञान, सार्वजनिक नीति, शासन, नेतृत्व, पर्यावरण आदि से संबंधित लेखों को कवर करने वाली एक सहकर्मी-समीक्षा वाली शोध पत्रिका है।

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30, Sept, 2021

 

Good Governance

Editorial

October-December 2020

Our Lead Story in this edition highlights the historic development in the National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building through Mission Karmayogi. As a training institute for government officials ourselves, we take pride in the Government’s momentous step that is destined to transform the capacity building apparatus at individual, institutional and process levels.


 


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Editor's Desk

Amitabh Ranjan

The New National Architecture for Civil Services Capacity Building — Mission Karmayogi


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Can MGNREGA Be Reshaped And Reoriented To Help India’s Farmers?

Jugal Mohapatra/ Siraj Hussain

Due to sudden lock down and resultant job losses, about 44 lakh people returned to their homes, some walking hundreds of miles, others using all conceivable means of transport - buses, trucks, trailers,
concrete mixers, Shramik trains, motorcycles, scooters, bicycles, auto rickshaws, cycle and trolly rickshaws and even boats. Many of them may be so upset psychologically with the travails they had to face that
they may choose not to return at all. A sizable number may take several months to return to the cities and towns
to earn a living.


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Governance Practices In Pandemic: Global And Indian Perspective

V Srinivas

It is important to recognise the importance of leadership roles Public Administrators have played in the Covid-19 pandemic. As an Institution, the Civil Services particularly the All India Services have always commanded considerable respect from the people of India. Such respect emanates from a perception that decisionmaking
would be neutral and unbiased and would enable the nation to achieve the objectives outlined in the Preamble of the Constitution. The 21st century has witnessed a significant expansion of the Civil Services
processes and responsibilities. Recruitment has become highly competitive, training norms more stringent, performance appraisal timely and constant evaluations have been introduced on the capacity of the civil servant to meet current challenges.


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A PLAN FOR EXPLORING THE EXPORTS POTENTIAL OF HANDCRAFT PRODUCTS IN KHADI AND VILLAGE INDUSTRIES COMMISSION (KVIC) IN INDIA

Samar Nanda

The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body set up under the Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act (1956) under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), Government of India. The KVIC is involved in production and marketing of ‘Khadi- a handspun and hand-woven fabric’ made in an eco-friendly manner earning carbon credits for the country and saving huge
amount of water, which is getting scarce each passing day.


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Freedom Of Choice To Farmers: Are New Farm Acts A Watershed Moment For Indian Agriculture?

Surendra Nath Tripathi/Ashok Vishandass

Indian agriculture is akin to the huge aeroplane without fuel. Can it fly? At one level, India’s agri-strategy has been successful in the sense that the country moved from import-dependence to self-sufficiency and
then to a net food exporting country. After feeding 1.35 billion people, at another level, farmers’ income levels have not augmented commensurately. Implicit in the agri-strategy was that the benefits of increased production and productivity would percolate down to the welfare of farmers. However, the strategy by-passed their income levels, primarily because the requisite ‘fuel’ has been missing in our agriculture. ‘Getting the prices right’ and ‘getting the markets right’ together constitute the requisite ‘fuel’ which has the potential to take our agriculture to new heights.


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India Must Take A Firm Stand While Holding Dialogue Over LAC: History Of Conflict, China’s Devious Motives And The Fear Behind The Curtain

Lt Gen Abhay Krishna

In the year 1913, the United Kingdom (UK), China and Tibet met at Shimla to sign an agreement on the alignment of the international boundary as per the map produced by the Foreign Department of British India. Though China was the one to initiate the proposal, later they backed off citing ambiguities and technical reasons. Henry McMahon, the Foreign Secretary, who had drawn up the proposal, then decided to bypass the Chinese and settle British India’s Himalayan border bilaterally by negotiating directly with Tibet. China, however, rejected Tibet’s claim of independent rule and maintained that the said treaty had no sanctity without China’s endorsement.


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India Needs To Rework On Its RTA Strategy To Revive Exports

Rishika Singh/Geethanjali Nataraj

The global pandemic has wreaked havoc on the world economy and India has unfortunately been one of the worst affected countries right behind the United States. Only last year India was one of the fastest
growing emerging economies targeting to become a dollar five trillion economy. But since the onset of the pandemic, the economy suffered a staggering contraction in first quarter during 2020. The depressing
figure of 23.9 per cent is a major alteration in India’s growth path whose average is at 6.8 per cent. As economic activity across spectrum of sectors has grinded to a halt, negative growth rate has spurred. Even as government expenditure as a share of GDP went up from 11 per cent to 18 per cent, the economy could not be rescued
from an expected seven per cent overall contraction, estranged from an average positive growth of seven per cent since delicensing. Infact, the GDP growth this financial year is expected to be the worst post- World War II.


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Mission Karmayogi – Reincarnation Of Improving The Government’s Human Resource Management Practices In India

Amit Kumar Singh

The effectiveness of the governance is crucial to the development of country and every well-governed country needs a highly professional civil service to meet the needs of public policy formulation and
public management. Several countries have recognized this need and invested significant resources in upgrading the quality of their public service personnel. In India, the civil service system is the backbone of
the government machinery. The civil servants play an extremely important role in the administration, policy formulation, implementation and in taking the country forward towards progress and development. They perform their functions and duties through a number of Central and state government Ministries, departments and organisations in accordance with the policy directions given by the respective governments.


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Samruddhi Ke Path Par Krishi Aur Kisan

Shri Narender Singh Tomar

Guest Talk


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Draconian Essential Commodities Act Undergoes Amendment

Sapna Chadah/Varuni B.R.

The Essential Commodities Act (ECA), 1955 was enacted with an objective to control the production, supply and distribution of, and trade and commerce in certain goods such as vegetables, pulses, edible oils, sugar, etc., which are treated as essential commodities. The purported aim of this Act is to ensure affordability of essential commodities for the poor by restricting hoarding. It is an overarching legislation regulating agricultural marketing and production. There is no exhaustive list of what all commodities are essential. 


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RISK ASSESSMENT AS A TOOL OF MINES’ SAFETY IN INDIA

Partha Pratim Mitra

The coal mining industry in India which is spread mainly in eastern and central India engages about 5.6 lakh workers on a daily basis. There can be no doubt that the safety of these workers, who work under difficult ground conditions, is extremely important. Our main contention is that it is possible to introduce an approach of risk assessment as an
important component of safety and risk management. In doing so it would also not be advisable to discontinue the existing prescriptive safety approach given in the statutes and the various mine regulations that have been evolved over a period of time. Risk assessment
would, therefore, be an additional layer of mines’ safety and the complete transition to this approach will have to be planned carefully.


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Globalization In Context Of Covid-19

Hemant Pandey

Globalization emerged as an aspiration for integrating world into a global village, and subsequently transformed the economic, political and cultural dimensions of the world. However, it witnessed a serious blow in the time of Covid-19 pandemic. The Covid-19 pandemic exposed the vulnerabilities of a globalized world. Pandemic compelled countries to impose restrictions on international travel, foreign investment, export of medical supplies and disrupted the global supply chain. It led to a new wave of protectionism, self-reliance and nationalism. But to deal with this crisis and prepare ourselves for post-Covid world, a globalized response is the way forward.


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Automation And Labour In India: Policy Implications Of Job Polarisation Pre And Post COVID-19 Crisis

Abhishek Nipanni

Advancements in ICTs have heightened the potential of such technology to automate jobs en masse. Realistically, however, concern revolves not around redundancy of labour, but the polarising effect automation exerts on jobs. Job polarisation widens wage disparity, lowers the aggregate skill level of labour, and exacerbates existing social inequalities. Proponents of laissezfaire automation argue that while automation may exert adverse effects on labour in the short run,
it is bound to realise higher net benefits and employment in the long run due to the increased efficiency it entails. However, world over and in India, firms have been merely substituting labour with capital, sans efficiency gains. This trend is only set to worsen with the ongoing health crisis due to varied reasons. In such a situation, it becomes imperative to enable labour mobility, design novel methods of social security, and incentivise retention and continuance of labour engagement.


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Arnab Goswami: Suffering The Vendetta Politics!

Sudhanshu Tripathi

The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India sternly reprimanded the Maharashtra government on November 11, 2020 for illegally confining Mr Arnab Goswami into jail and also criticised the Bombay High Court in not granting bail to him. In fact, he has been suffering the vicious course of vendetta politics for the past many months for launching a vigorous crusade against unimaginable corruption in public places with a view to strengthen democracy and rule of law in the country. In this scenario, one can easily remember the wisdom of George Orwell as reflected in his memorable words: ‘Ours is an age of democracy.’


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Padhna Likhna Abhiyan Introduced By The Government For Adult Education In India

Meghna Chukkath

With a view to ensure complete eradication of illiteracy in India, the Government of India has recently launched a scheme for adult education in India – Padhna Likhna Abhiyan. The scheme initiated by the Department of School Education & Literacy under the Ministry of Human Resource Development now Ministry of Education, Government of India, focuses on providing basic literacy in its initial stage.


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Contents

January-March 2021

Access here..


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Editorial

SN Tripathi

Access here...


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Editor's Desk

Amitabh Ranjan

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Chair in Social Justice in IIPA


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The Death Of A Classical Language : A Case Study Of Sanskrit In India

Mithila Urmila Bagai

The paper explores various reasons for the demise of Sanskrit language that is left with only 24 thousand speakers. The research also states the significant reasons for allocating more central funds to Sanskrit in comparison to other classical languages.


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Australia’s High Commiss Ioner To India Delivers A Lecture In IIPA

H.E. Hon’ble Barry O’Farrell AO

H.E. Hon’ble Barry O’Farrell AO is Australia’s High Commissioner to India. This writeup is his commentary
delivered during the 46th Digital APPPA Participants on ‘The Indian Diaspora and the Australia-India Partnership’
dated January 29, 2021 coordinated by IIPA Faculty, Gadadhara Mohapatra.


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Shilpa Gurukula Revisited

Kalpana Gopalan

This paper is a temporal case study of the Shilpa Gurukula, an art school for stone and wood carving
and a creation of Cauvery Handicrafts, a government-owned corporation. It follows the evolution of the
school since its conception in 2009 until the present day, analyzing its history, challenges, constraints
and opportunities.


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The Digital Challenges Of Classical Indian Arts

Mridula Anand

Classical Indian dance forms have existed and evolved over centuries facing each challenge to its very existence and structure. But classical artists are often unrecognised entrepreneurs. While recognition continues to be their primary dream, creating a successful ‘business’ is often an elusive dream. And the year 2020-21 shut more doors for these entrepreneurs. With no other option but to go online, artists face innumerable obstacles due to the very nature of the art form.


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Baba Saheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Chair In Social Justice

Neetu Jain

The Chair named “Baba Saheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Chair in Social Justice” has been instituted at the Indian Institute of Public Administration – a premier National Institute of Public Administration in the year 2004. Since then, a number of quality publications, value adding workshops and courses have been conducted under the Chair. This Chair has a special role in providing inputs for policy formulation and governance besides sensitizing the Administration.


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Child Sexual Abuse: Causes And Consequences

Pushpender Yadav/Divya Shrivastava

Child sexual abuse is a universally condemned offence against children. Consequences of sexual abuse are very severe and they deeply affect the physical and mental state of victims for a long time. Aftermath outcomes of the abuse are extremely painful because it disrupts the self esteem as well as physical and mental order of the victim child. It is essential to keep children safe by a collective effort of family, society and government.


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Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yoja Na (PMGKY): Implementation Is The Key

Nayakara Veeresha

Globally, the situation is alarming as the number of Corona Virus infected persons and the death toll is gradually increasing. In this backdrop, on 26th March, 2020 the Union Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced Rs. 1.70 lakh crore, an economic package for the poor to overcome the crisis situation during the lockdown period. The scheme is called as Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) aiming to address the food and financial related difficulties of the poor people.


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Relevance Of Ancient Indian Philosophy From īśāvāsya Upaniṣhad To The Disciplinary Study Of Business Ethics Under Modern Management And To The Corporate CEOs

Jeevan Talegaonkar

In this paper, modern-day righteous management behaviour in an ennoble form is considered as constellation of upanishadik values, a few thoughts from īśāvāsya upanishad are meaningfully explored in that context. In other words, lessons from Indian philosophy of īśāvāsya upanishad ought to be taught in modern-day management, especially under Business Ethics; and practiced in corporate lives to purify working environment; working selves at the helm of affairs, i.e. CEOs to achieve sustainable growth at an individual, corporate and social level.


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PROFESSOR ASOK KUMAR MUKHOPADHYAY A BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Samik Mukherjee

In the year 1970, a young Indian aged around 30 years while entering India Office at London saw an Englishman standing at the entrance. He walked up to the Englishman and after a few necessary words remarked, “I think I have seen you somewhere. You seem to be known to me.” The Englishman replied with a smile, “It is very much possible that you have seen me earlier. After all, I was India’s last Viceroy.” The anecdote of meeting with Lord Mountbatten was often humourously narrated by the legendary figure in Political Science, Asok Kumar Mukhopadhyay.


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The Glory Of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

Vasant Kelkar

Atomic Energy Establishment was renamed Bhabha Atomic Research Centre to commemorate Homi Bhabha who died in 1966 in an air crash. Homi Bhabha was a physicist. Dirac, the Nobel Prize Winner, was Bhabha’s friend and teacher. Homi Bhabha was also nominated for Nobel Prize but unfortunately he did not get it. According to his father’s wishes he did engineering in England but he told his father thereafter that his line was physics and not engineering.


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Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch The Rain Initiative Launched By The Government To Save Water

Meghna Chukkath

In a bid to save the nation from the water crisis, the Central Government has recently launched a programme to conserve water. With a core focus on water conservation and rainwater harvesting, the Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain (JSA:CTR) initiative is one such approach of the government to save water. The initiative is a collaborative effort of National Water Mission, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan and Ministry of Jal Shakti.


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Gautam Buddha: The Glorious Master

Vishwanath Shegaonkar

In the annals of human civilization, the 6th Century BC was the most attractive and remarkable one. In this century alone the Greek Philosopher and Mathematician, Pythagoras; Gautam Buddha,
the founder of Buddhism;  Vardhman Mahavir, the exponent of Jainism and the Chinese political thinker and philosopher Confucius appeared on this earth almost at the same time, who had made profound, indelible contribution over man’s socio-political, ethical, and religious life past 2500 years. Among those great men, the visit of the Lord Buddha to this planet was, by any scale, glorious and virtuous indeed.


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Paris Climate Accord And Setting Up Of A Collaborative Governance Regime At The Level Of The United Nations Framework Convention On Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Samar Nanda

Climate change is a global problem, one that cannot be solved by any one nation or state actor alone. By learning from the failures of recent international climate change action, specifically the failures of the Paris Accord, and best practices of collaborative governance, we recommend creating a Collaborative Governance Regime (CGR) at the level of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The proposed CGR will differ from the Paris Accord, most notably: (i) focus on key actor nations representing the largest CO2 emitters (to the tune of 64% of the total emissions)(China, United States, India, European Union, Russian Federation and Japan), as opposed to the full international community; (ii) focus on one specific facet of climate change, CO2 emissions, as opposed to the entire scope of contributing factors to climate change; (iii) increased emphasis on collaboration for ambitious, yet realistic goals, and finally; (iv) increased emphasis on sanctioning to prevent any unilateral withdrawal undermining the collective spirit. In this backdrop, the role of India in terms of the Paris Accord is quite significant. India being one of the leading contributors to the greenhouse gases including CO2, also has made rapid strides in utilizing renewable sources of energy in pretty quick time. Further, India has an important role to play in the geopolitics and climate sustainability of the South Asian region as a key driver.


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SHARPENING LIABILITIES AND OBLIGATIONS CAST UPON INTERMEDIARIES: AN ANALYSIS IN THE BACKDROP OF THE 2021 RULES

Raju Narayana Swamy

I ntermediaries are gateways to the internet- services enabling delivery of online content to the end user. The various players involved in the chain range from ISPs ( Internet Service Providers like Airtel that help users to get connected to the net by means of wired/wireless connections), search engines ( the most commonly used ones in India being Google Search, Yahoo Search, Microsoft Bing and Duck Duck Go), DNS providers ( that translate domain names to addresses that can be understood by computers), web hosts, interactive websites ( which include social media sites like Facebook and Twitter) and even cyber cafes. The ambit of the term is wide enough to include any website that facilitates and brings together two interest groups (such as retailers and consumers in an online shopping mall), carriers of information (a classic example being Gmail service) as well as payment gateways (PayPal and Pay Tm to name a few). To be specific, Section 2(1) (w) of the IT Act, 2000 defines intermediary as “any person who on behalf of another person receives, stores or transmits that record or provides any service with respect to electronic record........”


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Indian Institute Of Public Administration Report Submitted To Capacity Building Commission

Surabhi Pandey

I IPA is an autonomous academic institution of national eminence for training, research and information dissemination in streams related to the ethos of Public Administration. Conceived by well-known US expert Paul H. Appleby and Founded and promoted by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, it is now known internationally as a premier centre for Training and Research in Public Administration and Management. Public Administration has always implied Government when ‘public’ actually means community or people. In the post-colonial, post-independence paradigm of the early 1950s, Public Administration really meant providing service to the people by the State apparatus using the ground rules of justice, ethics and fair-play. This was the intention of the visionary Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru when he established the Indian Institute of Public Administration on March 29, 1954 based on the recommendations of a survey carried out in 1953 by Prof. Paul H. Appleby, Dean, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University and a Consultant with the Ford Foundation invited to advice on the subject by the Government of India. As India globalises under growing media glare, her administration and governance have to change with the times and respond to the high expectations of a society where the demographic pre-ponderance of youth, the increasing struggles of urban and rural India, the development-sustainability conflict and the continuing problems of poverty related malnutrition together throw up challenges that require great resilience in administration and delivery. IIPA takes the reality of Governance in transition into consideration in all its skill-development, research and knowledge management activities


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Oximeter: Gasping For Regulatory Oxygen Profiteering In Oximeter And Need For Immediate Regulation

Tilkesh Bhadala

This article presents an analysis of ‘systemic loops’ in regulatory mechanisms during public health emergency, i.e. COVID-19 second wave. This ‘once in a century crisis’ has highlighted regulatory lapses and oversight in the functioning of the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA). Taking specific case for oximeter, this article analyses that how the manufacturers and retailers used regulatory lapses for profiteering, rendering orders useless, toothless and ineffective, issued by National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA). Moreover, this underlines the problems in MRP regime and over reliance of regulator to depend on MRP as a key tool to regulate the prices. The later section of the article deals with the Drug Price Control Order, 2013 and powers provided by it to the NPPA- to take necessary measures to carry out its functions; ensuring quality, availability and affordability of the drugs. It also provides for viable alternatives to determine the prices using integration of data. The last part of article talks about possible impact of these regulatory lapses on income levels of lower-middle income groups and vulnerable sections of the society aggravating socio-economic inequity


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Policy Concerns Of ‘reverse Migration’ In Uttarakhand During COVID-19

Prakash Chand Kandpal

The Covid-19 pandemic has adversely hit India and the whole world. The human cost of the corona virus is expected to be unimaginably high. The pandemic has shattered lives of millions of people across the world. The pandemic has also posed another challenge to the policy makers in India. Due to the lockdown and non-availability of means of livelihood in cities, millions of people were forced to return to their villages and native states. The panic situation triggered a massive reverse migration from the “urban” to “rural” areas in large parts of the country. The pandemic posed a challenge to the policymakers to create livelihood opportunities in the regions which have experienced huge in-migration.


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Review On India’s Crisis Management: SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic

Kartik Shrinivas Kamepalli

This paper reviews the second wave of SARS-CoV-2 outbreak management in India by exploring the combination of scientific, political, public, and media responses. A lack of coordination between lawmakers and governing bodies, institutional claim-makers, and the media, between scientific and political levels suggests broader mismanagement of the Covid crisis during the second phase of the outbreak. Unless strict action is taken to combat this crisis millions of lives across the world are threatened. Many policymakers are facing a critical time as SARS-CoV-2 is slowly affecting the millions in the countryside. Despite the prolonged warnings from researchers and medical experts, decision makers are not taking things as grave as they have been predicted. This paper contributes towards informing lawmakers on significant lessons learned from the management of the SARSCoV-2 in the second-most populous country in the world.


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The Health Impact Of COVID-19 In India

Shiv Prakash Katiyar

The case study describes the nature of global COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has affected all the sectors i.e. economic, social, psychological, health, technological, business, medical and environmental but the case study focuses on health impact of COVID-19 pandemic in India. The methodology used is review methodology. The case study makes use of secondary literature collected from various research papers, annual reports, magazines, journals and websites. Furthermore, the case study reveals that COVID-19 pandemic has impacted health sector adversely. It also offers various suggestions for addressing the negative impacts on health sector due to COVID-19 pandemic


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Medical Tourism In India: Challenges And Way Forward Post The Pandemic

Geethanjali Nataraj/Nityasree Muralitharan

Medical Tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors in the Indian economy and the country is recognised as a global medical tourism hub. It is an industry where people travel to other countries to get medical, dental and surgical care while also enjoying the local tourist attractions. High quality healthcare at a low cost makes India a medical tourism destination. Complicated and high-cost surgeries especially heart surgeries, organ transplants and advanced cancer surgeries can be done at a much cheaper cost as compared to the US and the UK at India’s best hospitals. In lieu of the above, in recent years, India has become a popular destination for foreign tourists seeking the quality treatment at a cheaper price. With further investments in building infrastructure, technology and services and by ensuring a seamless experience for international patients, this sector has the potential to become a leading foreign exchange earner for the country and has the potential to be integrated into a much larger tourism eco-system.


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Editorial

S N Tripathi

Read here...


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Editor's Desk

Amitabh Ranjan

Atmanirbhar Bharat –  A self-reliant India


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SMART CITIES: A Global Trend And A Success In Indian Context – Case Of Bhubaneswar

Sanjay Kumar Singh

The journey to smart cities goes way back to the 1970s, when Los Angeles created the first urban big data project: ‘A Cluster Analysis of Los Angeles’. The first smart city was arguably Amsterdam with the creation of a virtual digital city in 1994. Things then speeded up in mid-2000s when IBM and Cisco launched separate initiatives. In 2011, the inaugural Smart City Expo World Congress was held in Barcelona, which has now become an annual event charting smart cities’ development. — (Global Data Thematic Research, 28th February 2020). However, the scenario in India was a little different


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Gora Sahib Syndrome In New India And The Road Ahead

Ranvijay Upadhyay

Even after gaining Swaraj in 1947, why higher civil services in India are seen as a class apart from the common citizens? Why barring a few ‘conscientious’ public servants the large swathe is brimming with condescending and boorish vibes for fellow citizens? Why ICS which was transplanted as IAS in the politico-administrative structure of India amidst great stonewalling failed to strike a chord with the populace?  When it was transplanted as IAS in independent India it successfully served the formative decades of nation-building till it was anchored by the dyed-in-the-wool Gandhians till the late 1960s. Later on, except for the ‘conscientious’ civil servants with the exemplary contribution to public service, the  imperious and condescending conduct of some members towards the citizens of India (in whom constitutionally the ultimate sovereignty resides) leaves a lot to be desired. It is high time to undertake radical reforms in ‘the bureaucracy with an effusive colonial hangover’. This is indispensable to tailor it to be an enduring vector of public spirit in the omnibus body of public services in India. 


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PIDPI Resolution: Evolution And Impact On WhistleBlowing

Praveen Kumari Singh/Trishaljit Sethi

‘Whistleblowing’ is an act of disclosing information  by an employee or any concerned stakeholder about an illegal or unethical conduct or malpractice within the organization. It is a very important tool for Vigilance and other law enforcement authorities to check and prevent wrongdoings.


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Placing India’s Cyber Security In The Global Scenario: The Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) 2020

Surabhi Pandey/ Munisha Chauhan/ Ayush Negi

The term “cyberspace” refers to the virtual space created by interconnected computers and computer networks on the Internet. However, given the vast reach it withholds, the networks also get exposed to increasing number of risks. Over the last decade, the cyber intrusions and attacks have increased tremendously causing high implications and repercussions in terms of breach of sensitive personal and business information, disruptions of critical operations, and imposing high costs on the economy of many countries. This highlights the importance of cyber security measures in the current times.


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Incorporating The Corporate Sector In The Fight Against Child Malnutrition: A Case Study From Eastern India

Shrideep Biswas

This article proposes a novel strategy to involve the Corporate Sector in India’s fight against child malnutrition. The Corporate Sector, whose tremendous potential is hardly harnessed in this grand enterprise, can be effectively put to use with certain readjustments at the policy level. The entire theorization is premised upon an in-situ case study conducted by the author in the capacity of a Government official. The author has endeavoured to join the concepts of Child Malnutrition, Corporate Social Responsibility, Shared Value and the amended version of the Companies’ Act, 2013 into a coherent whole in order to prescribe an effective stratagem to combat Child Malnutrition in India.


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Clean And Green India – How Far Is It?

Vijaya Krushna Varma

T he simple answer to this question is a minimum of 10 years away and that is only if the government spends at least Rs 2,00,000 crores per annum from now. When the problem becomes colossal due to neglect, non-planned development, and non-cognizance of it for a longer period, it requires a lot of time, money and perseverance to solve it. The aim of the Mission Swachh Bharat is to spread cleanliness everywhere encompassing everything - roads, railway tracks, bus stations, railway stations, parks, beaches, shorelines, river banks, reservoirs, lakes, schools, colleges, universities and all other public places. 100% absolute cleanliness can be achieved only by the strong will of the government combined with people’s participation and their strong desire to keep their country perfectly clean at all times throughout the year. Swachh Bharat campaign cannot be successful by one day’s work of sweeping some streets somewhere, 5-minute token gestures by celebrities, campaigning on TVs and newspapers, and, most importantly, without proper planning, efficient mechanism, perfect execution and monitoring system developed for the entire country. Swachh Bharat mission requires a huge network of workforce, basic infrastructure, consummate planning, tough laws and efficient monitoring at all levels. Swachh Bharat should also become evergreen Bharat to make it healthy Bharat. Clean and green India = Healthy India.


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75 Years Of Independence - Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav

Meghna Chukkath

With a vision of building a new self-reliant India- Atmanirbhar Bharat, the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi inaugurated the Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav — to commemorate the 75 years of Independence.


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SUSTAINABLE ECONOMY IN PANDEMIC: AATMA NIRBHAR BHARAT

Bhawna Mishra

he plan, Aatamnirbhar intends to encourage and promote people to become self-reliant in almost every sector only then we will be able to fulfil our needs. In fact, dependence was never there in our culture. The vision of Self-reliant India is not new but from the classical point of view since ancient times as we have given priority to karma over luck. As Lord Krishna says in the 48th verse of the second chapter of the Bhagvat Geeta:


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Cooperative Federalism In India And COVID-19

Rukmini Bhattacharjee

The pandemic has effectively revived and strengthened the federal spirit in India’s response to the health crisis. The concerted effort by the Union and state governments respectively have been applauded by the United Nations and the World Health Organization. The post-lockdown measures have been successful to the extent of being appreciated by the International Monetary Fund in terms of India’s economic recovery. The cooperative and coordinated Centre-state approach towards the Covid-19 vaccination also demands appreciation. On the whole the pandemic has regenerated cooperative federalism in India with promise of collaborative governance in the future.


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CYBER SECURITY STRATEGY: POLICY BRIEF RECOMMENDATIONS

Surabhi Pandey/Yumna Jamal

Over the last decade, the cyber intrusions and attacks have increased tremendously causing high implications and repercussions in terms of breach of sensitive personal and business information, disruptions of critical operations, and imposing high costs on the economy of our country


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CLIMATE CHANGE’S ROLE IN WORSENING FOREST FIRES

Satendra Singh

It is a common observation that during the recent past, the intensity and frequency of forest fires have increased at an alarming rate globally. Forest fires created havoc and devastated huge forests and other property across the world over the past few years. The huge fire in Australian forests spanning 2019-20 captured world attention, due to the killing of a large number of wild animals. During the early phase of the first wave of COVID-19, fires burned large forest tracts in Colorado and Arizona. Boreal and Tundra forests in Siberia also witnessed large forest fires in the recent past.


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Information Regime: A Prerequisite To Decentralised Governance

Renu Singh

nformation dissemination today has no substitute since it has been co-related with the people’s right, especially when the human rights discourse is seen in conjunction with transparency and accountability and has placed the discourse on RTI in inescapable space. Lacking on implementation front, the institution needs to bring in practice- innovation. It is the responsibility of the state to setup the sound monitoring mechanism to optimise implementation. Functioning since 1993, the idea of decentralisation in India, could have proved revolutionary, had it been equipped with better monitoring mechanism, which is not possible without transmitting appropriate information to the next level.


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Editorial

October - December 2021

In this edition we have one article on Governance in the lap of Himalayas and another casestudy on District Good Governance Index Framework – J&K which are on the similar lines. There is another engaging piece on the same theme which talks about the Efficient and Effective Administration – Key element of Good Governance.


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Editor's Desk

Amitabh Ranjan

O ver the last few years the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions under the central government has brought several administrative reforms to encourage greater efficiency, transparency and accountability in the system. This in turn has led to a beginning and a launch of several reformative mechanism to tackle the concept of corruption and discretion in the governance process.


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CIVIL MILITARY RELATIONSHIP

Yogendra Narain

C ivil Military relationship in India has been the subject of intensive analysis and discussion in India specially after Independence. Usually the topic is taken to mean the interaction between the civilian bureaucracy in the Ministry of Defence and the Military establishment. But in its broader sense it includes the civilian Ministers /State Ministers heading the Ministry of Defence also. With the creation of a separate Department of Military Affairs under the Chief of Defence Staff, the interaction between the Military and the civil bureaucracy in the Defence Ministry has substantially reduced. However why does this acrimony between the two verticals still remain? For this we will have to go back a bit in history


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Efficient And Effective Administration — Key Element Of Good Gove

Raju Sitaram Nandkar

W hether it were the kings of ancient times or the sovereign nations working within the framework laid down by the constitution in the present times, the system of governance is considered to be a necessary and essential element to govern the state. The basic duties of the administrative system are to implement the policies of the government within the framework of laws and regulations. In general, the administrative system has a hierarchy and the functions and duties of everyone working in this hierarchy are assigned. The people working in this system are working on terms and conditions of service and there is uniformity in their work. In general, we see a straight slope from class one to class four in the administrative system. This slope is like a pyramid. The success of the government and the overall development process depends on how efficiently and effectively the administration implements its policies, plans and programmes.


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District Good Governance Index Framework — Jammu & Ka

Sh.V.Srinivas/Sh.Saurabh Bhagat/Dr.Reva Sharma/Dr.Shabbeer Shaikh

I ndia is transforming at a faster rate and embracing change both in policy and economic outlook faster than other comparable nations. The outcome of several reforms over the past two and half decades has shown a remarkable transformation of India from a largely closed and listless economy to an open and thriving economy. The country’s progress is not only qualitative but measurable as well. With economic data projecting India to be one of the fastest growing economies and reaching the horizon of being the second biggest economy by 2030, faster than imagined, there are definitive indices that measure and give the assessment of India’s economic growth and potential. It argued that it has clear linkage with the adopted governance model.


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Governance In The Lap Of Hi

Bhamathi Balasubramaniam

G reat things happen when men and mountains meet. The mountains held an irresistible attraction for me. They represent the impossible challenges, insurmountable obstacles that dare to be summited. These perilous yet majestic landforms continue to hold a position of awe and wonderment in our lives. Ed Bernbaum, wrote a book published by the University of California Press some 20 years ago, entitled, ‘Sacred Mountains of the World’. In it he explains that people have traditionally revered mountains as places of sacred power and spiritual attainment and writes that “The ethereal rise of a ridge in mist, the glint of moonlight on an icy face, a flare of gold on a distant peak – such glimpses of transcendent beauty can reveal our world as a place of unimaginable mystery and splendor. In the fierce play of natural elements that swirl about their summits – thunder, lighting, wind, and clouds – mountains also embody powerful forces beyond our control, physical expressions of an awesome reality that can overwhelm us with feelings of wonder and fear.”


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Mission Karmayogi: Building The Shared Future For New In

Gurram Ashok

I ndian civil services are entrusted with the responsibility of bringing a social change in the country. Every administrative decision and action of the civil servants will impact the lives of millions of people in India. If these bureaucrats are not competent and calibrated to deal with changing needs of the people, the progress India achieved in its socio-economic arena will be endangered and policy paralysis will also creep in. Mission Karmayogi is an initiative which is intended to modernise civil servants thinking, build and strengthen their competencies. This hints a grand vision of New India which will be a shared destiny of every Indian to live in a nation which is transparent, peaceful and free from inequalities, and corruption.


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A Relationship Between Leadership And Decision Ma

Bimal Prasad Singh

This paper presents the strong relationship between decisions and leadership styles. Styles of decision-making concern leadership techniques and institutions. This study examines the essential method to understand leadership decision-making in management and organizational activities. The objective of this study is to provide leaders and managers the best possible method to understand the Leadership Decision-making Process (LDMP). In the small and big organizations, leadership and styles have important impacts. This style applies to all seniors and new managers. In addition, leadership can influence the decision-making style and capabilities of the management, a fundamental characteristic of the function of nurses in organizations of healthcare.


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Premature Retirement Will Affect The Permanent Gove

Manish Kumar Tiwary

The Indian Constitution has provided adequate protection to the Permanent Government, especially the All India Services, to work properly without any undue pressure and influence. But recently, premature retirement of the All India Services’ officers has adversely affected the functioning of the officers in discharging their statutory duties. As the father of the All India Services, Sardar Patel termed the All India Services as the “steel frame of India,” and this change will alter the very essence of his ideal. This article seeks to examine the impact of premature retirement with the help of examples. Also, the paper will relook at the Constitutional Protection to the All India Services officers in detail and try to bring the synergy between autonomy and accountability.


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THE JACK THE JOCKEY AND THE CELEBRITY

Priya Sharma

T he case study is an attempt to creatively raise social issues of concern. The role of ‘The Jack The Jockey and The Celebrity’ is very efficiently and differently discussed to bring about a ‘Social Change’ in India and the World at large. The case writer’s generous in-kind donation, the lyrics titled, ‘I Am The World’, makes for a stimulating anthem to assist the patients undergoing ‘The Donkey Assisted Therapy’ for cognitive rewiring. The case study also qualifies for ‘A Real World Impact’ on various Academia, Legal and Social aspects as discussed in The Teaching Notes.


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