Role of transformational leadership in strenghthening the spirit of self-reliant India

The country’s self-reliance is dependent on its progress in various sectors, spear-headed by dynamic leaders who have the vision, courage and goalsetting capabilities to lay down the roadmap to a successful future, who can catapult it to the glorious echelons of power and glory, which has been its true destiny. This paper delineates the achievements of all those heroes not only in public life but also in private spheres too, who give wings to the creative power and innovative forces of a person, by investing faith in their abilities and capacities. Furthermore, transformational leadership has a strong, and significant effect on people’s normative and affective commitment which positively influence innovative success. This country of overwhelming youth population is in a tearing hurry to achieve its material goals , which will lift millions to a better standard of living and to a more fulfilling life . Keywords: Self awareness, swadesh & swaraj; self- reliance

The Leadership role in handling challenges of change in self-reliant India

The Government of India launched the campaign of Self-Reliant India on 12th May 2020 to boost the economy through a special economic package of Rs.20.00 lakh crore. Public System is one of the five pillars the Mission relied upon to achieve Self-Reliant India. The Mission calls for the public system to be skillful, capable, proactive and dynamic, etc. Unquietly, the public system in the country is still struggling to come out of the bureaucratic behavior, and get rid of its reputation as an incompetent, unaccountable and unresponsive system. The Mission offers an opportunity to the public administration system and its leadership to challenge the old system and build a new administrative structure that strives for a self-reliant India. This paper uses the secondary source of literature like paper interviews, opinions of intellectual forums, Public Documents like Reports of the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission. Terms of Public Systems leadership and Administrative leadership are used interchangeably. Challenges and way-forward discussed in the paper are based on the literature review and my work experience as a Middle-Level Officer in the Secretariat. Keywords: Self-Reliant India, leadership role, capacity building, change, challenges, 2nd ARC, mission karmayogi.

Leadership of National Education Policy 2020: An odyssey from a self-reliant child to a self-reliant nation

In the backdrop of Government’s clarion call for Atmanirbhar Bharat amidst the COVID-19 pandemic period, National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has been unveiled as a bold education sector reform.The NEP aims at fuelling the growth of ‘Bharat’ through a democratic construct of self-reliant citizens. This paper is based on a close reading of the NEP 2020 from the perspective of factors which will instill self-reliance in the students and bring autonomy in the education system in the long run. The key finding of the study is that NEP 2020 primarily focusses on the foundational development of the child in such a way that self-reliance as an important skill in various aspects is inculcated in the child. Keywords: NEP, self-reliant, higher education, early childhood

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and his genre of leadership in India: Great, heady headways

Atmanirbharta is the bedrock of the conceptualization which the New Delhi dispensation rests upon. The paper proposes to zero in upon the succinct self sufficiency idiom of the governmental planning. The paper takes up the interwoven details of a scheme of the regime of the day in order to further delve inside the entrails of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana. The paper attempts a broad based and detailed conceptual analysis and ruminations over the core tent of the Government of the day. Keywords: Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, PMJDY

‘Modi-fying’ leadership style for Atmanirbhar Bharat

Building Atmanirbhar Bharat is concerned with making India emerge as a hub for manufacturing and investments. The Prime Minister, Sh.Narendra Modi with his new style of leadership has sown the seed of ‘sabka saath, sabhka vikas, sabka vishvas and sabka prayas’ in pursuit of a new course of long term development. His dynamic leadership and style of governance is quite impressive. The paper tries to highlight and develop a framework of the leadership style of PM Sh.Narendra Modi and its intended outcome for the aspirational dream of achieving Atmanirbhar Bharat. Keywords: Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, leadership style, atmanirbhar bharat

Enhancing women’s contribution in nation building: A case study of Jaunpur District

Half of India’s population is Women. They can contribute significantly for substantial growth in the economy. Several initiatives have been taken by the Indian government, institutional bodies (Universities, NGOs etc.), and individuals for societal development. However, certain areas remain untapped. Norms are made in place but institutional enforcement is found to be missing. This study is undertaken at grass-root level for some women that are beneficiaries of government schemes and policies, some remain neglected from any help, and some prefer to remain aloof from this. Areas of mental happiness, climate change, bee-keeping, voter registration, skill development, contraceptives, nutritional supplements, educational movies, self-defense, libraries, parenting, educate-at-home, women schemes booklet, work-from-home, sanitation, women-respect classes have been studied as they impact the lives of women. Keywords: Empowerment, potential-areas, grassroot-level, skill development, mental Health

Women empowerment for Atmanirbhar Bharat: A case study of self-help groups in Rajasthan

Atmanirbhar Bharat is regarded as the keystone to build a self-reliant and strong India emerging as a Vishwa Guru on the global platform. This paper conceptualizes women empowerment as a key strategy to achieve the Atmanirbhar Bharat Mission. Self-help groups of women are based on the notion of small savings, mutual help and cooperation. The objective of this research is to analyse the role of self-help groups in Rajasthan in catalyzing women empowerment. It presents a case study developed using a mixed methods approach, including literature review and qualitative data collected through 32 focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with 32 key informants and 80 women SHG members in eight districts of Rajasthan. The study concludes that SHGs have been found to be an effective policy instrument to bring about empowerment of rural women at various levels, such as social, economic, political and psychological. Keywords: Atmanirbhar Bharat, women empowerment, self-help groups, microfinance.

Relevance of women for Atmanirbhar Bharat: Women empowerment

The role of women in achieving the goal of Atmanirbhar Bharat is significant. The government initiatives such as ASHA programme, Saheli Samanvay Kendra have helped enormously in improving maternal and infant health across rural India. This paper analyses how the women-led Self-Help Groups (SHGs) are beneficial not only in raising awareness related to Covid precautious across villages but are also instrumental in providing a myriad of services. These include meeting shortage in masks, sanitizers and PPEs, running community kitchens, providing banking and pension services to rural poor. The paper suggests that policy initiatives by the government as well as relief schemes initiated by NGOs and Corporates are essential for social and economic empowerment of women. Keywords: SHGs, NGOs, women empowerment

Constitutional provisions for women empowerment in Atmanirbhar Bharat

The condition of women in the Indian society has been reported to be deplorable by various government and international organization. This paper makes an attempt to review the measures undertaken for upliftment of women acros historical periods. It studies the various reforms undertaken during the colonial period as well as the constitutional safeguards provided to women in the post - independence period. The paper suggests that despite landmark constitutional judgements laying groundwork for equity of women, there is an urgent need for empowering women to make them truly Atmanirbhar Keywords: Laws, women empowerment, crime against women, constitutional provisions

Suggested business model for start-ups in achieving goals of Atmanirbhar Bharat

Self–reliance got fresh oxygen with Startup India and relief packages of post Covid-19. India had good presence of entrepreneurs for centuries being a nation of innovations. With talent pool and untapped markets, it offers a radical growth for start-ups. Business models should stimulate youths to come with mass production products and services at affordable cost. Tech Startups and wave of Internet, Telecom, and IT etc. with improved funding linkages have further strengthened the Indian Startups growth story. Business model innovators like, Amazon, Urban Company, Ola, BYJU’s, Zomato, Paytm, etc. have revolutionised industries and sectors by overcoming dominant industry logics. Atmanirbhar Bharat visibly stands on the five pillars viz of Economy, Infrastructure, Technology, Demand, and a Vibrant Demography. The overall thrust of the start-up model is on creating enabling environment with viable business models and ecosystem as enabler of Sustainability. Keywords: Business Model, Startups, Atmanirbhar, Ecosystem, Technology, AI, Digital Infrastructure, GDP, Startups, Unicorn, Action Plan, Sustainability

Reforms for Atmanirbhar Bharat in the Telecom sector

The purpose of this study is to look into reforms in telecom sector for Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan or Self-reliant India. The objective of this Abhiyaan is to make India self-sufficient in terms of producing items locally and eventually playing a larger part in the global economy. India’s telecom industry is the world’s second largest, with 1.18 billion subscribers, and the third largest in terms of FDI inflows. The Government of India’s Production Linked Incentive plan for Telecom & Networking Products is projected to attract huge investments from global players and assist domestic enterprises in seizing emerging possibilities and become major export players. A study of the (Production Linked Incentive) scheme in the telecom sector has been attempted. Keywords: PLI schemes, self-reliant, telecom center

Exploration of Indian Covid Vaccine Management System: A leap towards Atmanirbharta in the health sector

The purpose of this paper is to explore Co-WIN as a digital platform to manage the COVID vaccination for the citizens of India with the help of existing literature. A literature review was conducted with limited search words over the net, newspaper articles/interviews published, and also the guidelines and documents hosted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). The study has raised a significant question about the need for the platform and also highlighted the issues related to privacy. An attempt has been made to study the issues and address if India could do things differently. A word about Indian Vaccine diplomacy and its big-heartedness to share the Co-WIN platform with other countries has also been brought out in brief. Keywords: Co-WIN, COVID-19, PHC, vaccination, vaccine management system,

Challenges and opportunities to defence and other sectors with respect to Atmanirbhar Bharat after Covid-19 pandemic

In order to sustain public health and the economy, India must use its resources internally. India is in a precarious situation right now. The Indian government’s intention to give the US, Western Europe, Japan, and South Korea opportunities to set up manufacturing bases in India and rebuild the global supply chain around India is timely. The United States, Brazil, and India are among the countries most severely affected. Many government programmes and initiatives, such as ‘Digital India,’ ‘Clean India,’ ‘Skill India,’ ‘Start up India,’ ‘Make in India,’ and others, were launched to attain the core goal. India, too, was not immune to the global epidemic known as Covid-19 Pandemic. India is speeding up the procurement of equipment worth Rs 400 billion from both foreign and domestic vendors. Despite the fact that India is the world’s leading exporter of generic pharmaceuticals, the pharmaceutical industry is significantly reliant on Chinese imports. Some 200 of the 373 pharmaceuticals on India’s national essential medicines list are imported as APIs from China. During the epidemic, a trial was undertaken on 25,800 persons in India, and drugs were distributed to over 120 nations. India has provided nearly 60 million Covid-19 vaccine doses to about 70 countries to support their Covid-19 immunization programmes. Keywords: Atmanirbhar Bharat / Make in India, challenges and opportunities, pharmaceutical industry

Heralding a new era of citizen engagement and Inclusive Governance: A case-study of rural Tele-Centres in Odisha

The governments across the world today are using information technology to transform governance and provide information about the various services to citizens. In the digital era, e-governance represents a paradigm shift and provides citizens an effective platform for meaningful participation in the governance processes. However, it has been observed that lack of information among the citizens results in knowledge deficit and creates the risks of exclusion among them. This creates pertinent need to make digital spaces accessible to the common man that also engages the citizens in a meaningful manner. Therefore, it is important to build a knowledge society before aspiring to achieve larger objectives of effective democracy. This paper attempts to examine the significance of e-governance and analyses the impact of citizen engagement through one of the most innovative schemes known as the Common Service Centres (CSCs) as a game changer in the state of Odisha. This paper attempts to examine the significance of e-governance and analyse its impact through the functioning of the CSCs which provide facilities for the delivery of services to the citizens. Keywords: Good governance, digital India, capacity-building, women empowerment, common service centers, citizen participation

Asymmetries in the Wto agreement on agriculture

At the WTO, the Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) marked a crucial step towards establishing “a fair and market-oriented agricultural trading system”. However, this agreement is riddled with many asymmetries and imbalances, which have been detrimental to the interests of many developing countries. This chapter identifies how the countries that were distorting markets through high tariffs, a plethora of non-tariff barriers, and high subsidies, prior to 1995, secured the right under the AoA to continue to distort markets through such tariffs and subsidies. On the other hand, countries that were more disciplined in terms of few or no non-tariff barriers and low subsidies in the pre-WTO period, lost the right to protect their farm sector. The paper concludes that if the WTO members have to fulfill the objective of establishing a “fair and marketoriented agricultural trading system”, then the first step in future multilateral negotiations in agriculture must set right the asymmetries and imbalances in the Agreement on Agriculture. Keywords: WTO, agreement on agriculture, asymmetries and imbalances, developing countries

Agriculture Pricing Policy at cross roads

Agrarian landscape of India has changed since independence in a number of ways. As a result of public intervention, the agricultural sector today is much more resilient to biotic and abiotic stress and strain compared to the 1950’s. However, while the problem of food scarcity and shortages have been successfully tackled, issues relating to sustainability, imbalanced cropping pattern and environmental degradation have emerged as new challenges. The authors argue that successful resolution of the challenges facing agriculture would require a market oriented price support system that is equitable, efficient and compatible with the non price interventions in the agrarian economy. Keywords: Minimum support price, price intervention, non price intervention, foodgrain, procurement

Agriculture Marketing and Reforms

The aim of this study is to evaluate structural reforms in India that will not only boost the farmers’ income, but also ensure better marketing of the produce by him. Firstly, this paper examines the history of the agricultural sector, at the time of independence, and then evaluates the current status of the agricultural structures. Further, this article assesses the present market of the agriculture sector. Finally, the paper analyses the challenges of the structural reforms and then suggests the way forward to boost the farmers’ income by bringing necessary structural reforms. Keywords: Agriculture, marketing, structures, reforms, farmers, income.

Digitalisation of Agriculture in India: The case for doubling farmers’ income

COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for more resilient, efficient, productive, remunerative and sustainable agriculture. Accordingly, the Government of India prioritised optimum utilisation of advanced technologies, to ensure uninterrupted food security and empower farmers by doubling their income. This paper explores the digitalisation of Indian agriculture to create value for the farming community and increase the opportunities to double farmers’ income.It highlights the application of different digital technologies to increase farm yield, improve farm-level decision-making, maximise resource use efficiency, and ultimately enhance the incomes of smallholder farmers. It is an analytical paper based on a survey of literature that utilises secondary sources such as books, research articles, policy documents, reports published by various government and non-government organisations, online databases, and discussion papers. The paper suggests that policymakers focus on doubling the farmers’ income through different stages of food production and supply chain. Keywords: COVID-19, agriculture, digitalisation, digital technologies, doubling farmers’ income, public policy

Atmanirbhar in Agriculture-Doubling farmers’ income

India is net food exporting country after feeding 1.35 billion people, yet farmers’ income levels have not increased as expected. On one hand, granaries of public procurement agencies such as FCI are overflowing with rice and wheat, and on the other, more than half of the domestic consumption demand of edible oils is met by imports. Clearly, the production of agriculture commodities is not calibrated with emerging demand and this is one of the reasons for a low level of farmers’ income. Increasing production of palm oil in the country offers an opportunity not just to move towards ‘Atamnribhar in Agriculture’ but also has credible potential to augment farmers’ income levels. Keywords: Atmanirbhar, trade policy, crop geometry, national mission on edible oils (NMEO)

Developing India as major International Tourist Destination for Atmanirbhar Bharat through motivating people to participate in cleanliness drive

Atmanirbhar, i.e. self-reliant, broadly means reducing the dependence of a nation and its citizens on imports such that the economy does not face Balance of Payments problem, particularly on current account. This can be done through growth of agricultural as well as manufacturing sector, leading to limiting the imports and giving boost to the exports from the country, and additionally, through development of services sector and export of services. Several countries have developed as international tourist destinations extremely well such that they earn billions of dollars through foreign tourists visiting these places. As a result, such countries have been able to generate substantial employment – direct as well as indirect – and have also been able to enhance national GDP greatly. One main consideration of international tourists is “cleanliness” of the tourist destination as well as the markets and other places in the concerned cities in the tourist destination countries. However, other factors like uniqueness of the tourist attraction, good hotels, food quality/variety, transportation system, people’s behavior, non-cheating attitude of the locals, etc. do play important role in attracting tourists. This paper presents some results of a field study on urban cleanliness carried out in Delhi NCR. It is concluded that ‘urban cleanliness’ is significantly important in attracting tourists – foreign as well as domestic ones – which would result in employment generation, GDP growth and foreign exchange earnings, which will make India self-reliant, i.e. Atmanirbhar. Keywords: International tourist destinations, atmanirbhar bharat, cleanliness drive

Unravelling Atmanirbhar Bharat through water security and livelihood discourse

Water scarcity will be one of the world’s most important challenges in the next years, given India’s expanding population. Climate change would exacerbate the situation by causing severe droughts on the one hand and catastrophic floods on the other. Water security thus becomes an intricate issue for the nation to address. Water’s interconnections and impact on livelihoods and economic growth cannot be overlooked in a developing country that is heavily reliant on monsoons and groundwater. To better manage this essential resource, Atmanirbhar Bharat offers an opportunity to re-examine, re-think, and enhance our approach to water – one that not only meets immediate demands, but also recognizes its actual value in securing life and the economy.

Changed Perspective of Inclusive growth in India: A mission towards self-reliance

The purpose of this study is to make an assessment about Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna (PMJDY) program implemented in India for overall economic growth with a changed strategies and approach. The paper also brings out the lacunae in the earlier approaches which is a refinement in the present program. The study uses in depth analysis as methodology and assessment has been made for the poverty alleviation programs launched in the past and present. The distinct features of the present program and its practical implications have been highlighted that will change the very approach of implementation. The study also elaborates the strategies made at the grass root level by different participating development agencies to make this program distinct and more effective, efficient and qualitative. The study concludes that new initiative of the present government has been much more effective as compared to earlier programs in implementation process and thereby perceptible changes in the approach and attitude of the beneficiaries. The study also suggests certain areas as challenges where policy makers could take appropriate decision. The findings of the study will have positive, practical and social implications and provide directions to the policy makers to make this program more effective and efficient. Key words: PMJDY, public policy, poverty, social security, inter linkages

Strengthening domestic industries’ human resource management through Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan structural reforms: An empirical study with reference to heavy vehicles factory, Avadi

The Hon’ble Prime Minister raised a clarion call to make India - ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ or ‘Self-Reliant’. The aim is to make the country and its citizens self-reliant in all senses. The Prime Minister, further outlined five pillars of Atmanirbhar Bharat – Economy, Infrastructure, System, Vibrant Demography and Demand. India has been meeting its critical defence requirements through imports or Transfer of Technology for many years. To reduce this dependence, the Central Government has embarked on a modernisation plan for defence production, with corporatisation of Ordnance Factory Board into seven Defence Public Sector Units. This restructuring can be made effective if organization plan and policies are aligned to the needs and aspirations of the employees. This paper attempts to study the opinion and status of employees, their job satisfaction, expectations, as employees of new public enterprises under changed circumstances and suggesting for self-reliance through capable human resources. Keywords: Atmanirbhar bharat abhiyan, self-eeliant, heavy vehicles factory, Defence Public Sector Unit (DPSU), Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), Armoured Vehicles Nigam Limited (AVANI).

Challenges and opportunities for women entrepreneurs in Small and Medium sized Enterprises

Entrepreneurship is one of the key instruments in the process of industrial development and economic growth. In the traditional societies, women were confined to the four walls of houses performing household activities. The study has made an attempt to examine the socio-economic performance of women entrepreneurs and marketing problems in the study area. The primary information was collected from 150 women entrepreneurs in which 50 were from each category were taken into consideration. The t-test was performed to identify the association between income and savings before and after entrepreneurs. The study has found that, production, marketing and labour are the major problems among women entrepreneurs. The study also provides policy suggestions to overcome the issues in entrepreneurship. Keywords: Entrepreneurship, women, problems, savings, income.